Dental implants refer to small metal fixtures which are surgically placed into the jawbone underneath the gums. They enable the implant dentist to position the replacement teeth onto them once they are set. Healthy gums, as well as sufficient bone density to provide support to the implant are highly essential to receive an implant.
Types of Dental Implants
Implants are prepared using different kinds of materials, including aluminium oxide, surgical stainless steel and titanium. The devices are surgically attached firmly to the jawbone. The implants ensure a very stable and comfortable support that enhances the stability of the artificial teeth.
There are two types of implants: those that are positioned on top of the jawbone and those that are fit into the jawbone.
This is a cast surgical-grade titanium metallic frame that is perfectly designed to properly fit into your jawbone by an implant expert. These implants are specially coated using Hydroxylapatite (HA), which is a synthetic substitute of a bone. HA crystals form 98% of natural bone composition. The HA coating deceives the jaw into trusting that the supposed implant is a natural bone.
A custom Endosteal implant is developed on a replica of the exact jawbone of the patient. This special replica is developed with the aid of a CAT scan image of the patient’s jaw. From this jaw image, an Endosteal implant is developed.
This kind of implant is usually used in patients that possess a shallow jawbone and have no intention of going through any procedure to rebuild it. It is adopted when the jaw structure is incomplete and the bone has potentially atrophied.
The individually designed, lightweight metal frame work is made to fit over the remnant bone. Thus putting into place the replica of multiple tooth roots. This kind of implant can be adopted in the case of limited area or even total absence of teeth in the mouth.
The location and amount of available bones dictates the best implant type to be adopted. Natural membrane tissue will further grow back around the implant, therefore boosting its security.
This is a third implant type, which is used with dentures that are removable. They are mushroom shaped inserts that attach themselves to the denture gum-side, fitting into the specially created indentions in the roof of the mouth.
Dental implants occur in different types, shapes and sizes. Your dental implant expert will advise you accordingly and assist you to decide on the best implant for your unique situation. Book an appointment with an implantologist in your local area and see how dental implants can transform your smile. Some can even perform the full procedure in a single day, reducing the treatment time significantly.